There were two farms at Troutal, the second of which was renamed Browside about 1800. The one now known as Troutal was also sometimes known as Lonninside, and also Wayside.
There were Tysons at Troutal from the early 17th century, although their descent is not clear until the 18th. They were closely connected with the Tysons of Tongue House.
Abraham Tyson was admitted to Troutal in 1843 but he must have been under age at the time. He was still living at High Shaw, Millom when he raised £600 by mortgaging Troutal in 1851 and he died in 1860 with the debt still largely unpaid.
Troutal was owned by Edward (c.1830-1911), and then his son the Revd Edward Tyson (1900-1956). In 1958 the widow of the younger Edward sold Troutal to the National Trust.
The present house was built in 1894, and the old house was demolished. It was said to be suitable for a Temperance Hotel or Boarding House when it was advertised to be let in 1895, with a kitchen and dairy, four reception rooms, and eight bedrooms. The builder was a John Tyson.
Between 1930 and 1939 it was leased at a nominal rent to the headmaster of the Liverpool Institute, the Revd H. H. Symonds, and used for school walking parties. During the Second World War it was used by conscientious objectors working for the Forestry Commission. A Youth Hostel, transferred from Dalehead was established there in 1944.
The bloomery , site 67 on the survey, is on Hollin How at GR SD 22511 97229 has been given rating of High for Potential, Value, and Rarity and 1 for Significance
Despite the uncertainty of any features revealed by this survey, Grassguards is nevertheless an important site. The slag mound is of unusually large size and is broadly comparable to the well-known slag heap at Springs, Coniston.
Taking a mean height for the slag mound of 1 metre, the approximate volume of slag at Grassguards is of the order of 270 cubic metres, representing some 250 to 300 tonnes of slag. Though this is less than half of the estimated weight of slag at Springs, it is clear that Grassguards is one of the larger iron-working sites known in Cumbria.
It can be estimated that 250 tonnes of slag could result from some 10,000 smelts. If 250 smelts were carried out each year, this represents some 40 years of continuous production. If two furnaces were being used simultaneously, there could have been 20 years of continuous production.
The iron-workers would have taken advantage of local timber supplies for charcoal making.
This map was published in 1818 and shows that most of the routes we use today were in place two hundred years ago. Interesting to see that the Park Head Road from Kiln Bank Cross and the Walney Scar Road are given the same rating as the way up the valley beyond Ulpha. The “main” route from Coniston to Ambleside is shown going over High Cross while the current route is only a minor track. It must have been a poor choice to make the climb over to Hawkshead Hill worthwhile.
February 2019 is the first!
The copper mine at Cockley Beck: poster 1858 and 6″ OS map 1852